新目标英语七上-八下知识点强势梳理(重点词组、句型、语法要点)

适用年级:初中 学科分类:英语 适用地区:人教版地区 资源类型:学习资料 文件类型:.doc 资料等级:★★★★★ 资料大小:0.48 MB 发布时间:2016-10-15 官方网址:HHXX.com.cn
内容简介
新目标英语七上-八下知识点强势梳理(重点词组、句型、语法要点)Unit 1-Unit 2
重点句型
1. —My name’s Jenny.  —I’m Gina. Nice to meet you.
2. —What’s your/his/her name?    —My/His/Her name is … .
3. What’s your/his/her family/first name?
4. —What’s your telephone number?  —It’s 218-9176.
5. What’s his/ her telephone number?
6. —What’s this/that in English?    —It’s a ruler.
7. —Is this/that your pencil?    —Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.
8. How do you spell pencil?/Spell pencil./Can you spell pencil?
9. Is that your computer game in the lost and found case?
10. Call Alan at 495-3539.
重点语法
be在一般现在时中的基本用法:I用am, you用are,is跟着他她它。He ,she ,it用is,we, you they都用are。单数名词用is,复数名词都用are。
be的几种形式:is, am, are —being —was, were —been
主谓一致:
主谓一致的15种常考情况:
1. 表示时间,重量,数目,价格,长度,数学运算等的词或短语作主语时,尽管他们是复数形式,但如果把这些复数形式的词或短语看作是一个整体,谓语动词用单数形式。
   Two months is quite a long time.   Twenty dollars is enough.
2. 动词不定式,动名词,从句或不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
   To see is to believe.   It is not easy to master a foreign language.
3. 由and连接两个成分作主语时,要根据其表示的意义来决定谓语动词的形式。如果其表示的是一个整体的概念或指的是同一事物,谓语动词用单数,如果其表示的是两个不同的对象时,谓语动词用复数。
   The writer and the teacher are coming.
   The poet and teacher is one of my friends.
4. 集合名词people,police一般看作复数意义,其谓语动词用复数。另外一些集合名词family,enemy,class,army等作主语时,谓语动词是用单数还是复数,要根据这些词在句中的实际含义而定。当他们表示的是整体意义时,谓语用单数;当他们强调个体成员时,谓语动词用复数形式。
In England, people eat fish and chips.
The Chinese people(民族)is a great people.
5. 名词性物主代词mine,yours,his,hers, its,ours,theirs等作主语时,谓语动词的数取决于该代词所表示的意义是单数还是复数。
His parents are young, but mine are old.
6. 以s结尾的名词本身不表示复数意义时,谓语动词通常用单数形式,如news,physics,politics,maths等。
   No news is good news.  Physics is the most difficult subject for him.
7. 由or,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also…等词连接名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词的数和最接近的主语一致。
   Neither you nor Li Hua has been to Shanghai before.
8. 以there,here开头的句子,若主语不止一个,其谓语动词的形式和邻近的那个主语一致。
   There is a table and four chairs in the room.
   Here are some books and paper for you.
9. trousers,clothes,glasses,compasses,chopsticks等作主语时,谓语动词用复数。但如果前面有a pair of短语时,谓语动词用单数。
   Jim’s trousers are brown.   The pair of glasses is Mr. Green’s.
10. 由“a lot of/lots of/plenty of+名词”或“分数+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的单复数根据名词的单复数而定。
   A lot of people have been to London.
   Three-fifths of the water is dirty.
11. “a number of +复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数;“the number of+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
   A great number of birds fly to the south in winter.
   The number of lions does not change much if people leave things as they are.
12.代词something,anything,nothing,everyone,anybody,nobody,each,neither,either,little,much,one等作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。
    Neither of us is a boy。
    Each of them has an English dictionary。
    One of the students was late for school。
13.All,some none,most,any等代词作主语时,若其指复数概念,谓语动词用复数形式;若其指单数形式,则谓语动词用单数形式。
    Not all work is difficult。
    Not all the students are here。
14.有些形容词前面加上定冠词the,如the poor,the old,the yong,the rich,the dying等用来表示一类人时,主语为复数意义,谓语动词用复数。
    The old are good taken care of。
15.Many a意为“许多”,但因后面跟的是单数名词,谓语动词应用单数形式。
    Many a student has passed the exam。

Units3-4 复习要点
1、介绍家庭成员                                                         This/That is my sister/brother/mother…
   These/Those are my parents/grandparents…
   Is this/that your sister/brother…? Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.
   Are these/those your parents/grandparents…?
   Yes, they are.  /No, they aren’t.
   There are 3/4/5 …people in my family. They are my father, my mother,…and I.
2、关于方位介词或短语
   表方位的介词或短语有:in,on ,under,behind,near,next to,in front of,across from,…
   My book is on my desk, my pen is in my book…
   Where is the backpack/pencil…?  It’s in/on/under….
   Where are the books/pens/balls…?   They are in/on/under….
3、把…带去给某人 take …to   e.g:Please take these things to your sister.
   把…带来给某人 bring…to   e.g:Can you bring my homework to school?
二、代词 ( 有两种:人称代词和物主代词。)
1、人称代词分为:第一、第二、第三人称,且有单复数之分。
2、人称代词的主格在句中做主语,一般用在动词前(疑问句除外);宾格在句中做宾语,多用于动词、介词后。
3、形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用,后面一定要跟名词,表示该名词是属于谁的。
4、名词性物主代词=形容词性物主代词+名词。如:
   This is my bag. = This is mine.  That is her ruler. = That is hers.
一般看后面有没有名词,如有,就用形容词性物主代词;如无,就用名词性物主代词。
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